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A visit to Kalavrita on the Kapi hill where the Place of Sacrifice of the Holocaust of Kalavryta is located. The large cross on the ridge of the hill stands out, reminiscent of the heinous crime and the panoramic view of Kalavrita stands out too. Then we see views of a tombstone and graves of those who were executed. An important detail is the street sign that says: "13 December 1943", which is the day the massacre of Kalavrita took place.

The view with the people is probably from the primary school of Kalavrita while it ends with a view from the Monastery of Agia Lavra.

We copy some historical information.

One of the biggest crimes in Nazi Germany during World War II. On December 13, 1943, Wehrmacht armed forces of Nazi Germany killed almost all the male population of Kalavryta in retaliation for the execution of captured German soldiers by the Partisans of ELAS. The "Operation Kalavrita" began on December 4, when German forces began to gather in the greater area of ​​Kalavrita from Patras, Aigio, Pyrgos and Tripoli. Wehrmacht troops burnt villages and monasteries and shot civilians and monks on their way. On December 9, The Germans reached Kalavryta, creating a suffocating circle around the city. They reassured the residents that their sole aim was to exterminate the guerrillas and even asked those who had left Kalavryta to return without fear.

Suddenly, however, in the early morning of December 13, 1943 the Germans rounded up all residents of the town and forced them into the school building where they separated the older boys and men from the women and children. They moved the men to a field owned by Thanasis Kappis, while the women and children were locked in the school. In the early hours of the afternoon, the tragedy unfolded on the ridge of Kapis, which led almost the entire male population of Kalavrita to death. With machine guns, the Germans executed the men, around 800 people. There were only 13 male survivors, saved because they were hidden under the bodies of the dead and the Germans considered them dead.

The crime ended with the burning of almost all the houses in Kalavryta. In total, during Operation Kalavrita, the Germans killed 1,101 people, destroyed and looted more than 1,000 homes, confiscated 2,000 sheep and goats and seized 260,000,000 drachmas.

The shots were filmed by A. G. Bonar during his tour of the Peloponnese, in July 1966.


Film Information

Bonar, Andrew Graham

HD (1440x1080)



Duration (seconds)